a unique subcontinent has vast variations in geography, climate
and vegetation. As a consequence there is exciting diversity in
habitats and wild life. The mighty is Himalayan is the highest mountains
in the world; offer a wide spectrum of landscapes and wild life.
Tropical forests in its extremity contrast with the pine and coniferous
woodland of the western Himalayans. Natural cover varies with altitude
and these evergreen forests are bounded with high alpine meadows
nearer the snowline and temperate forest of short stout trees in
the lower elevations. In the foothills are deciduous trees, with
shrubs, bamboos. Fern and grass.
Time to Visit: November- May
Wildlife is very rich in Flora & Fauna. Tiger is among the most
popular Wild Species & is Tiger, one of the world’s most beautiful
animals, faces extinction today. In this century alone, three sub
species of tigers have been driven to extinction. Today there are
23 Tiger reserves in India & around 3500-4000 tigers in the
wild, which is more than all the other species of tigers in the
world (tame & wild) put together. India is one of the very few
countries in the world where you can still see a tiger in the wild.
rich and fascinating variety of India's wildlife can be seen in
the 80 national parks, 440 sanctuaries and 23 tiger reserves established
by the Government of India in an attempt to conserve this vital
resource. More than 500 species of mammals, 1, 220 species of birds,
1, 600 species of reptiles and amphibians, and 57, 000 species of
insects populate the subcontinent. India harbours 60% of the world's
wild tiger population, 50% of Asian elephants, 80% of the one-horned
rhinoceros and the entire remaining population of the Asiatic lion.
of few important National Parks & Wild Life sanctuaries in Northern
India is given below:-
is an outstanding example of Project Tiger's efforts at conservation
in the country. The forests around the Ranthambore Fort were once
the private hunting grounds of the Maharajas of Jaipur. The desire
to preserve the game in these forests for sport was responsible
for their conservation and subsequent rescue by Project Tiger. Chital,
nilgai, and chinkara, are the other inhabitants of the region. The
avian population comprises of black storks, quails, Bonelli's eagles,
spur fowls, crested serpent eagles and painted storks. During the
winter months, the Park attracts a lot of migratory birds, primarily
a variety of ducks
is a small National Park; compact, yet full of game. The density
of the tiger population at Bandhavgarh is the highest known in India.
This is also white Tiger country. These have been found in the old
state of Rewa for many years. The last known was captured by maharaja
Martand Singh in 1951 . This White tiger, Mohun, is now stuffed
and on display in the Palace of the Maharaja of Rewa.
Madhya Pradesh, forms the core of the Kanha Tiger Reserve created
in 1974, under Project Tiger. Stretching over 940 sq km, the vegetation,
chiefly made of sal and bamboo forests, grasslands and streams,
this park is the sole habitat of the rare hardground barasingha.
in the foothills of the Himalayas, the Corbett National Park extends
over an area of 1318 sq. Kms. Varied topography and vegetation gives
Corbett a rich diversity in habitats and natural beauty. It was
the first National Park to be established in India in the year 1936
and it was here that the prestigious "Project Tiger" was
launched in 1973.
is Asians paradise with around 600 species being recorded here and
has numerous other mammalian species. Besides Tiger, Leopard one
can also see Jungle cat, Leopard cat, Himalayan black bear, Sloth
bear. Four species of deer- Hog deer, Sambar, Chital and barking
deer are found here. These herbivores can be seen in vast numbers
in the chauds (vast grasslands with very high elephant grass). One
can also see big herds of Indian elephants in these grasslands specially
in summer. The Ramganga river flows through the park and a man made
reservoir serves as the feeding ground for large number of birds.
One can also see the Indian Marsh Crocodile along with the long
snouted fish eating Gharials. Another species quite common in this
area is the Common Indian Otter.
is the dominant tree species in Corbett with Jamun, Shisham, Khair,
Mahua, Flame of the forest (Palash), Silk Cotton tree (Simal) etc.
being the other tree species.
cliffs of hills and narrow valleys of the Aravallis dominate the
landscape of Sariska, whose forests are dry and deciduous. Within
the Sariska wildlife sanctuary there are the ruins of medieval temples
of Garh-Rajor, belonging to the 10th and 11th centuries.
A 17th century castle on a sharp hilltop at Kankwari, provides a
panoramic view of flying Egyptian vultures and eagles. The
area was declared a sanctuary in 1955 and became a National Park
Sariska park is home to numerous carnivores including Leopard, Wild
Dog, Jungle Cat, Hyena, Jackal, and Tiger. These feed on an abundance
of prey species such as Sambar, Chitel, Nilgai, Chausingha, Wild
Boar and Langur. Sariska is also well known for its large population
of Rhesus Monkeys, which are found in large numbers around Talvriksh.
avian world is also well represented with a rich and varied birdlife.
These include Peafowl, Grey Partridge, Bush Quail, Sand Grouse,
Tree Pie, Golden backed Wood Pecker, Crested Serpent Eagle and the
Great Indian Horned Owl.
1,224 bird species reliably recorded from India,. In total there
are 1219 extant native species including migrants and vagrants (but
excluding 3 species now known to be extinct in the country, and
2 introduced species). There are 923 breeding species (911 residents,
plus 12 suspected residents).
of the finest bird parks in the world, Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
(Keoladeo Ghana Natiuonal Park) is a reserve that offers protection
to faunal species as well. Nesting indigenous water- birds as well
as migratory water birds and waterside birds, this sanctuary is
also inhabited by Sambar, Chital, Nilgai and Boar.
than 300 species of birds are found in this small wildlife park
of 29-sq-kms of which 11-sq-kms are marshes and the rest scrubland
and grassland. Keoladeo, the name derives from an ancient Hindu
temple, devoted to Lord Shiva, which stands at the center of the
park. 'Ghana' means dense, referring to the thick forest, which
used to cover the area.
many of India's parks have been developed from the hunting preserves
of princely India, Keoladeo, popularly known as Bharatpur Wildlife
Sanctuary, is perhaps the only case where the habitat has been created
by a maharaja. In earlier times, Bharatpur town used to be flooded
regularly every monsoon. In 1760, an earthen dam (Ajan Dam) was
constructed, to save the town, from this annual vagary of nature.
The depression created by extraction of soil for the dam was cleared
and this became the Bharatpur Lake.
the beginning of this century, this lake was developed, and was
divided into several portions. A system of small dams, dykes, sluice
gates, etc., was created to control water level in different sections.
This became the hunting preserve of the Bharatpur royalty, and one
of the best duck - shooting wetlands in the world. Hunting was prohibited
by mid-60s. The area was declared a national park on 10 March 1982,
and accepted as a World Heritage Site in December 1985.